gapp architects and urban designers | Freedom Park Memorial

Freedom Park Legacy Project

ARCHITECTURE

Freedom Park Legacy Project

View Project

Freedom Park is a National legacy project that has cabinet approval and is legislated by the National Heritage Resources Act No. 25 of 1999.

Phase 1 + Intermediate phase: 2003-2006 encompassing Garden of Remembrance, The Memorial, Conference Centre

Situated on a prominent “koppie” (hill) overlooking Tshwane, Freedom Park’s vision is to become “a leading national and international icon of humanity and freedom.” Its Mission is “to provide a pioneering and empowering heritage destination that challenges visitors to reflect upon our past, improve our present and build on our future as a united nation.”(1) At the core of this mission is reconciliation and nation building through the use of history, culture and spirituality. Indigenous Knowledge and Knowledge systems (IKS) are brought to bear on the project as a whole including guiding the architectural and landscape interventions.

The 52-hectare site lies immediately south of the city, comprising a natural quartzite ridge of significant ecological value and forms an important visual, natural and strategic gateway into the city.

The first two phases of the project have been completed, the latter being inaugurated on December 16th 2006. The first phase entailed the development of the Garden of Remembrance whose key feature is the Isivivane, a symbolic final resting place of those who sacrificed their lives in the pursuit of Freedom. Composed primarily of boulders dedicated in the nine different provinces and from abroad, it is derived from indigenous spiritual practices of commemoration.

The next (intermediate) phase, Isikhumbuto, is the Place of Remembrance whose features include the “wall of names”, the sanctuary and main gathering space, a gallery of leaders and Moshate, a hospitality facility for presidential guests and dignitaries. Its most visible feature is the assemblage of steel “reeds” which are in some places up to 30m high. According to African spirituality reeds are a conduit between earth and ancestors and signify the emergence of new life.

In an ongoing process, over 50 000 names of those who perished in the fight for Freedom are inscribed in the wall of names, according to eight different historical conflicts.

The different elements are connected by a spiral path that forms a commemorative journey up the hill to the main space of dedication – the sanctuary – that houses the eternal flame.

Phalaborwa quartize rock, mostly dry-packed is used as the unifying material that binds all architectural and landscape elements together and to the site.

Phase 2 + 3: 2007-2011 encompassing The Museum (//hapo – Koi San for “The Dream”) , The Commercial Precinct, Pan-African Archive and administration building.

11 000m2
Museum and Archives project
The concept for the museum came from a traditional healer’s ‘healing’ garden seen at a homestead in Kuruman in the Northern Cape. The concept evolved into the creating of large boulder-like volumes that contain the story-telling spaces.

The boulders are planted at the base of the Salvokop hill like a rock outcrop. With walls and roof all clad in copper sheeting, the ‘outcrop’ will, with time, rust to green and merge with the natural landscape.

The museum forms the primary entrance to Freedom Park and forms the start of the pathway journey into Freedom Park. The ‘boulders’ collect visitors and lead them along the path to the memorial at the top of the hill.

The interior spaces of the museum are designed with a cave–like quality with natural light used to dramatize the large volumes and ‘outcrop’ forms of the buildings.

/ AWARDS
Pretoria Institute for Architecture (SAIA chapter): Award for Architecture 2009 (Phase 1)
Award for Architecture 2011 (phase 2+3)
Golden Loerie Award: Three dimensional & environmental design – 2008

/ THE ARCHITECTURAL JOINT VENTURE
GAPP Architects and Urban designers http://www.gapp.net
Mashabane Rose Architects http://www.mashabanerose.co.za
MMA Architects http://www.mmaarch.co.za
Together known as OCA (Office of the Collaborative Architects)

/ PHOTO CREDITS
Phase 1+intermediate phase: Graham A. Young (Newtown Landscape Architects)
Phase 2+3: Simon Bird (Gapp Architects and Urban Designers)
Tom Steer Nov 2012

share this project
YEAR

2003-2011

LOCATION

Tshwane, South Africa

CLIENT

Freedom Park Museum

/ photo gallery
gapp architects and urban designers | FP31A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP05A4 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP25A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP23A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP08A4 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP33A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP03A4 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP phase 2 HLAPO GAPP MMA MR Ext 002 2880p 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP phase 2 HLAPO GAPP MMA MR Ext 001 2880p 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | PICT0474 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP52A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP51A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP49A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP48A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP38A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP34A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP31A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP05A4 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP25A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP23A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP08A4 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP33A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP03A4 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP phase 2 HLAPO GAPP MMA MR Ext 002 2880p 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP phase 2 HLAPO GAPP MMA MR Ext 001 2880p 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | PICT0474 1 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP52A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP51A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP49A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP48A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP38A4 scaled
gapp architects and urban designers | FP34A4 scaled
/ related projects